References for Radiology Residents
- MUSCULOSKELETAL RADIOLOGY
- CHEST RADIOLOGY
- COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY
- EMERGENCY RADIOLOGY
- GASTROINTESTINAL RADIOLOGY
- GENERAL RADIOLOGY
- GENITOURINARY RADIOLOGY
- NUCLEAR MEDICINE
- PEDIATRIC RADIOLOGY
- REFERENCE BOOKS
- REVIEW BOOKS
- FINAL WORDS
- These references have been helpful to me, as I hope they
will be for you. I’ve tried to be selective because I respect
your time limitations.
- Remember that there are no perfect texts because there are
no perfect people. Don’t expect one book to contain everything
or explain everything equally well.
- I know that some of you will find your most favorite text
omitted or one of your least favorites included. This inevitable.
The important point is that somehow or other you assimilate
- Berquist, T.H., ed., MRI of the Musculoskeletal
System, 4th ed., Lippincott Williams & Wilkins,
Philadelphia, PA, 2001.
- With MR growing so quickly, it is difficult for
any text to be totally up-to-date.
- Yet, I think you will find much that is valuable
both in images and text in this 1000+ page book.
- Brower, A.C., Arthritis in Black and White,
2nd ed., W.B. Saunders, Philadelphia, PA, 1996.
- This is an update of a text already regarded as a
- If you can’t understand arthritis after this one,
consider majoring in French Literature instead of
- Chew, F.S., Musculoskeletal Imaging: A Teaching
File, Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia,
- The Teaching File approach is a fun way to learn a
ton of information, one bite at a time. It is
also a great way to review and to test your
- I feel strongly that a student still needs a
“standard text” to get an overview and should not
limit their studies to cases.
- Greenspan, A., Orthopedic Radiology: A Practical
Approach, 3rd ed., Lippincott Williams & Wilkins,
Philadelphia, PA, 2000.
- I know that MR is everything but on a day-to-day
basis, orthopedic x-rays are still a significant
portion of the routine films.
- If you ever hope to understand what you are looking
at, you must read some ortho.
- Helms, C.A., Fundamentals of Skeletal Radiology,
2nd ed., Saunders, Philadelphia, PA, 1995.
- Only very rarely does a book come along that is
incredibly informative and fun to read. This book
is that rarity.
- This a great book not only for beginners but also
for anyone who wants a quick review.
- Did I mention that there is even a section on MR?
- Kaplan, P.A., Helms, C.A., et. al., Musculoskeletal
MRI, Saunders, Philadelphia, PA, 2001.
- I think this is a great place to start.
- Resnick, D., Bone and Joint Imaging, 2nd ed.,
W.B. Saunders, Philadelphia, PA, 1996.
- How does a 1300 plus page book get to be called
Baby Resnick? When it is a condensation of a
six volume 3rd edition Daddy. Some Baby!
But, it does have a lot of useful information that
everyone expects you to know.
- I think you should read it, or at the very least,
look at all the pictures.
- I expect a new edition of “Baby” Resnick because
the new, 4th edition of “Daddy” Resnick was just
published in 2002.
- Armstrong, P., Wilson, A.G., Dee, P., Hansell, D.M.,
Imaging of Diseases of the Chest, 2nd ed.,
Yearbook, Chicago, IL, 1995.
- I can’t say enough good things about this one. It has a
ton of useful information with excellent images. It’s not
that difficult to read.
- If Freundlich’s text seems a little “light,” try this
one on for size!
- Felson, B., Chest Roentgenology, W.B. Saunders,
Philadelphia, PA, 1973.
- This book is the theoretical underpinning of plain film
chest radiology, and, as such, is a classic.
- You probably won’t catch it all the first time through,
so don’t be discouraged.
- If you do read this book — and I think you
should — you’ll finally know where all the principles of
chest interpretation come from.
- Goodman, L.R., Felson’s Principles of Chest Roentgenology:
A Programmed Text, 2nd ed, W.B. Saunders, Philadelphia,
- This is the update to Dr. Felson’s original 1965
programmed introduction to Chest Radiology.
- This paperback book belongs on everyone’s bookshelf.
I recommend this book to everyone from medical
students on up.
- It teaches you, in an evening or two, lung anatomy,
patterns of segmental collapse, and much, much more.
You’ll be glad you read it!
- Freundlich, I.M., Diffuse Pulmonary Disease: A Radiologic
Approach, W.B. Saunders, Philadelphia, PA, 1979.
- This short (239 pages), x-ray only paperback book has
excellent images and a case study approach to
- I don’t know how easy it is to get this book.
- Dr. Freundlich examined me in Chest on the Oral Boards.
Good thing I read his book!
- Freundlich, I.M., Bragg, D.G., A Radiologic Approach to
Diseases of the Chest, Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore,
- Chest radiology isn’t easy and I think that you have to
read something like Freundlich or Armstrong.
- Of the two, I think Freundlich is the easier read but
you may appreciate Armstrong in the long run.
- It may come down to a personal choice.
- Reed, J.C., Chest Radiology: Plain Film Patterns and
Differential Diagnosis, 4th ed., Yearbook, Chicago,
- This is a MUST HAVE. It has differential diagnoses for
various plain film patterns along with excellent
radiographs and discussions.
- Stern, E.J., White, C.S., Chest Radiology Companion,
Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia, PA., 1999.
- This a very basic book but it really does cover a
large amount of material. I think it could also
serve as a good review.
- Swensen, S.J., Stern, E.J., High Resolution CT of the
Chest, Lippincott, Philadelphia, PA., 1996.
- The book is short and the images are excellent.
- It uses a case study approach and is a reasonably fast
- I can’t imagine why you wouldn’t want to read it.
Can I say more?
- Swensen, S.J., Radiology of Thoracic Diseases: A
Teaching File, Yearbook, Chicago, IL, 1992.
- Do yourself a favor — buy this and read it no less than
twice. This is required reading!
- Fishman,E.K., Jeffrey, Jr., R.B., Spiral CT:
Principles, Techniques and Clinical Applications,
Lippincott-Raven, Philadelphia, PA, 1998.
- I remember when MR first came out and CT was
thought to be dead. Spiral CT has changed all
- Good coverage of 3-D applications.
- Jeffrey, Jr., R.B., Fishman,E.K., Spiral CT of
the Body: A Teaching File, Lippincott-Raven,
Philadelphia, PA, 1996.
- A case study approach. Pleasant reading.
- Lee, J.K.T., Sagel, S.S., Stanley, R.J., Heiken, J.P.,
Computed Tomography with MRI Correlation,
3rd ed., J.B. Lippincott, Philadelphia, PA, 1998.
- I think that this book is readable during Radiology
- This book has traditionally been a favorite with
- Silverman, P.M., Helical (Spiral) Computed
Tomography: A Practical Approach to Clinical Protocols
Lippincott-Raven, Philadelphia, PA, 1998.
- Lots of very practical information in this
paperback. I find myself referring to it time
- Webb, W.R., Brant, W.E., Helms, C.A., Fundamentals of
Body CT , 2nd ed., W.B. Saunders, Philadelphia, PA,
- In the same style as Helm’s Fundamentals of Skeletal
- It is a must read.
- Harris, J.H., Radiology of Emergency Medicine,
4th ed, Lippincott William
& Wilkins, Philadelphia, PA,
- Sets the standard, as far as I am concerned.
- Along with Keat’s book on normal variants in radiology,
this text belongs in every ER department.
- Stern, E.J., Trauma Radiology Companion, Lippincott
Raven, Philadelphia, PA, 1997.
- Trauma Radiology is coming into its own as a specialty.
- Traditionally, trauma was included as a topic in a
larger text. For example, neuroradiology books usually
cover trauma only as it relates to the neuro-axis.
- However, what is really needed in the ER is someone who
is comfortable with all areas of trauma, including
musculoskeletal, GI, renal, etc.
- There is a “turf” battle going on between radiologists
and emergency physicians as to who should read and
bill for ER studies, but that is a story for another
day. Bottom line is that if you want to be the one
to read ER cases, you need to know your stuff. For
more detail, read Harris’ text (above, this section).
- Eisenberg, R.L., Gastrointestinal Radiology: A Pattern
Approach, 2nd ed., J.B. Lippincott, Philadelphia, PA,
- For a single volume work, I think this one wins a spot
“required reading” list.
- It may look long but the numerous images make for
- Eisenberg, R.L., Gastrointestinal Radiology Companion:
Imaging Fundamentals, Lippincott Williams & Wilkins,
Philadelphia, PA., 1999.
- Outstanding text with outstanding radiographs. Even
has sono and CT.
- You’re daft if you don’t read this.
- Halpert, R.D., Goodman, P., Gastrointestinal Radiology —
The Requisites, Mosby, St. Louis, MO, 1993.
- I’ve seen residents reading and underlining it, so
who am I to say different?
- Taylor, A.J., A.G. Bohorfoush III, Interpretation of
ERCP, Lippincott-Raven, Philadelphia, PA, 1997.
- You will find that you need to know this material both
for the Boards as well as for general radiology work.
- Either way, you shouldn’t avoid this topic.
- Webb, H.R., Brant, W.E., Helms, C.A., Fundamentals of
Body CT, 2nd ed., W.B. Saunders, Philadelphia, PA,
- I think this book is fantastic. It is a MUST read.
- The section on chest is excellent.
- Don’t leave home without it.
- Brant, W.E., Helms, C.A., Fundamentals of Diagnostic
Radiology, 2nd ed, Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore,
- If I had to choose and keep one book in this
section, this would be it.
- It may wound simplistic, but just read anything by
- Juhl, J., Paul & Juhl’s Essentials of Radiologic
Imaging, 7th ed, Lippincott, Philadelphia, PA,
- Non-radiology residents often want a single
book that has “everything.”
- Novelline, R., Squire’s Fundamentals of
Radiology, 5th ed, Harvard Univ. Press, Cambridge,
- This really is the standard for medical students.
- Davidson, A.J. et. al., Davidson’s Radiology of the
Kidney and Genitourinary Tract, 3rd ed, W.B. Saunders,
Philadelphia, PA, 1999.
- Uses a pattern-oriented as opposed to a disease-oriented approach.
- I used the 2nd ed as a resident as was very
- Dunnick, N.R., Sandler, C.M., Newhouse, J.N., Amis, Jr.,
E.S., Textbook of Uroradiology, 2nd ed., Williams
& Wilkins, Baltimore, MD, 1996.
- Zagoria, R.J., Tung, G.A., Genitourinary Radiology —
The Requisites, Mosby, St. Louis, MO, 1997.
- This book got a very good review in Radiology.
- Special mention was made of its coverage of the lower
GU tract — a topic often omitted in other texts.
- Cardenosa, Gilda, Breast Imaging Companion,
Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia, PA.,
- I don’t own this book yet but it has been
recommended to me and the “Companion” series
is overall excellent.
- de Paredes, E.S., Atlas of Film-Screen
Mammography, 2nd ed., Urban & Schwarzenberg,
Baltimore, MD, 1992.
- I happen to like how this book is written.
- If you prefer, you can read texts by Kopans and/or
Sickles instead .... or in addition!
- Kopans, D.B.,Breast Imaging, 2nd ed,
Lippincott-Raven, Philadelphia, PA, 1998.
- The consensus seems to be that this is the one
- CD-ROM is available.
- Kopans also has published Atlas of Breast
- Homer, M.J., Mammographic Interpretation, A Practical
Approach, 2nd ed., McGraw-Hill, New York, NY, 1997.
- Superb book that not only teaches you how to make
the findings and what they mean, but what to do
with the patient once you have made them.
- Dr. Homer’s course is widely praised and I can tell
you, from personal experience, that he is a spellbinding lecturer.
- (including Head
- Castillo, M., Neuroradiology Companion: Methods
Guidelines and Imaging Fundamentals, 2nd ed,
Lippincott-Raven, Philadelphia, PA., 1999.
- As with all the volumes in the “Companion” series,
this paperback text is filled with cases and
associated “key facts.”
- Individual volumes are inexpensive so that it is
easily possible to own the series and still have
money left over for Saturday night.
- Grossman, R.I., Youssem, D.M., Neuroradiology —
The Requisites, Mosby, St. Louis, MO, 1994.
- You could use this as your main text but
the book is rather concise.
- On the other hand, it can serve as an outstanding
review even if it is also getting out of date —
very out of date.
- Still, I’d make sure that I knew the material in this
book before taking any exam.
- The authors also publish an accompanying volume with
cases that you can use to test your knowledge.
- Osborn, A.G., Diagnostic Neuroradiology, Mosby,
St. Louis, MO, 1994.
- On most days, I think that this is the best
basic Neuro book. Note the publication
date. An update is appropriate.
- Afterward, use the Requisites for review.
- Osborn, A.G., Introduction to Cerebral Angiography,
2nd ed, Mosby, Harper & Row, New York, 1998.
- Although diagnostic angio has had a decreased
role with CT, MR and MR angio, it still is
- Although Osborn’s main Neuro text has plenty of
angio, you would not regret reading this book.
- Shankar, L., et. al., Head and Neck Imaging,
McGraw-Hill, New York, NY, 1998.
- This book is the best introduction to this
very important — and difficult to master —
- Run out and buy it. (Or stay home and buy it
on the Internet!)
- Yock, D.H., Imaging of CNS Disease, A CT and MR
Teaching File, 2nd ed., Mosby, St. Louis, MO, 1991.
- I loved the first edition, which was CT only.
- Very useful for the Boards. Also practical
for day-to-day material.
- Also worth checking is Dr. Yock’s excellent text
devoted to MRI teaching file cases.
- Henkin, R.L., et. al.,Nuclear Medicine, Mosby,
St. Louis, MO, 1996.
- I find myself constantly finding what I need in
this book while being frustrated finding info in
a similar book by Wagner.
- I guess Wagner’s book is what you should
know while Henkin’s is what you need to
- Kuni, C.C., du Cret, R.P., Manual of Nuclear Medicine
Imaging, Thieme, New York, NY, 1997.
- A small, easily carried paperback with a ton of
useful, practical, well-written and easily
- If I could force you, I would make you buy it.
- Mettler, F.A., Guiberteau, M.J., Essentials of Nuclear
Medicine Imaging, 4th ed., W.B. Saunders, Philadelphia,
- Before the “Requisites” came along, this
was the one to get.
- The 3rd edition of this book was already out of
date when the Nuclear Medicine Requisites appeared.
It will be interesting to see if this edition can
win back the following it once had.
- If I had to choose between Mettler and the Requisites,
I would choose Mettler.
- Thrall, J.H., Ziessman, H.A., Nuclear Medicine: The
Requisites, Mosby, St. Louis, MO, 1995.
- This would be my suggestion for a first nuclear
- Coverage isn’t complete but it is surprisingly
good. Well written, as well.
- Blickman, J.G., Pediatric Radiology — The
Requisites, 2nd ed., Mosby, St. Louis, MO,
- To be fair, I haven’t this but the residents read
it so I am passing on the info.
- Swischuk, L.E., Imaging of the Newborn, Infant, and
Young Child, 4th ed., Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore,
- I know that there are several options out there,
but for me, there is something about the way Dr.
Swischuk writes that makes things easy to remember.
- Chandra, R., Nuclear Medicine Physics: The Basics
5th ed, Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia, PA.,
- This covers what I think you ought to know for
- Oral examiners may ask you specific regulations
regarding your own state.
- Examiners seem to like to ask “What if” type of
questions, as in “What if someone pours a bottle
filled with 99m-Technetium pertechnitate down
your back? What would you do first?” Hmm...
what would you do?
- Curry III, T.S, et. al., Christensen’s Introduction
to the Physics of Diagnostic Radiology, 4th ed,
Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia, PA.,
- I must confess that I do not know what to recommend
regarding physics. In the old days, Christensen’s
book was the way to go, but now there is digital
radiography, computed radiography, teleradiology,
PACS and a whole lot more.
- You also need to know about radiobiology and
radiation protection. Again, I could recommend that
you visit a medical bookstore and see what appeals to
you, but I don’t know what is best these days for the
written Board exam.
- Mitchell, D.G., MRI Principles, W.B. Saunders,
Philadelphia, PA, 1999.
- I’m afraid that there is no way around this stuff.
It has to be learned somewhere.
- Abbitt, P.A., Ultrasound: A Pattern Approach,
McGraw-Hill, New York, NY, 1995.
- Recommended by a resident via e-mail. Or try ...
- Abbitt, P.A., Imaging in Ob/Gyn: A Teaching File,
Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore, MD, 1997.
- Callen, P.W., Ultrasonography in Obstetrics and
Gynecology, 3rd ed, W.B. Saunders, Philadelphia,
- Highly recommended. A very reasonable choice.
- Dr. Callen is also a gifted lecturer.
- Kurtz, A., Middleton, W., Ultrasound: The
Requisites, Mosby, St. Louis, MO, 1996.
- Required reading. It’s excellent.
- I constantly refer to the tables in it when I read
- Thurmond, A.S., Jones, M.K., Cohen, D.J., Gynecologic,
Obstetric and Breast Radiology, Blackwell Science,
Cambridge, Mass., 1996.
- I really like this book, which is 700+ pages. The
text is well written, up-to-date and the pictures
- In reality, you have many choices including the ones
listed below. The important point is to pick one and
- Atlas, Scott. ed., Magnetic Resonance Imaging of the
Brain and Spine, 2nd ed, Lippincott-Raven, Philadelphia,
- The material is also published on CD-ROM which you can
purchase instead of the book or together with the book,
at a special price.
- Hudson, T.M., Radiologic-Pathologic Correlation of
Musculoskeletal Lesions. Williams & Wilkins,
Baltimore, MD, 1987.
- Both of us know that the foundation of Radiology is
- Although there are many books on this subject —
including classics by Lichtenstein and also Jaffe — I
think you’ll like this one.
- McGahan, J.P., Goldberg, B.B., Diagnostic Ultrasound:
A Logical Approach, Lippincott-Raven, Philadelphia, PA,
- Comprehensive — to say the least!
- CD-ROM available.
- Rumack, C.M., Wilson, S.R., Charboneau, J.W.,
Diagnostic Ultrasound, 2nd ed, Mosby-Yearbook,
St. Louis, MO, 1998.
- I guarantee that you will keep coming back to this
text for the final word.
- Dahnert, W., Radiology Review Manual, 4th ed.,
Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore, MD, 1999.
- I don’t even know a resident who doesn’t have this
book. It’s heavy, and they carry it everywhere.
- The book not only contains differential diagnoses
but also, a concise summary of all different diseases.
- It is truly encyclopedic but I thought that its
differentials were too broad.
- This text can also be found on CD-ROM. Can’t tell
you too much because I don’t own it.
- Ford, K.L., Pope, Jr., T.L., Aunt Minnie’s Atlas and
Imaging Specific Diagnosis, Williams & Wilkins,
Baltimore, MD, 1996.
- How can you miss with a title (and contents) like this!
- Makes a great gift for that Radiologist on your list.
- Provencale, J.M., Nelson, R.C., Duke Radiology Case
Review: Imaging, Differential Diagnosis and Discussion.
, Lippincott William & Wilkins, Philadelphia, PA,
- For $79.00, what could be bad?
- Rosenthal, D.I., Chew, F.S., Palmer, W.E., Barboriak, D.P.,
Rosenberg, A.E., Radiology: MGH Clinical Review, W.B.
Saunders, Philadelphia, PA, 1994.
- Let’s face it. We all like the case study
- This book not only has excellent images from all the
radiologic imaging modalities, but has pathology
correlation as well.
- Some discussions are better than others but this is
usually the case with multi-author works.
- The “unknowns” actually have arrows and descriptions
with them and thus are not separated from the answers.
You may find this irritating.
- I give this book a thumbs up.
- Bare Minimum Survival Guide for:
- Read Freundlich (textbook), Reed, and Swenson (teaching
- Armstrong is more detailed that Freundlich and should
either be read or, at the very least, be used as a
- ULTRASOUND, NUCLEAR, NEURO, GU
- Read the Requisites for all.
- Read anything written by Osborn and Yock for Neuro.
- Also, useful —
- The Syllabi from the American College of Radiology (ACR).
- ACR Teaching files on film, laser disk, and CD ROM.
- Radiological Clinics of North America (RCNA).
- New CD ROM offerings. They are becoming more frequent
by the day.
- Very frequently they are sold with the textbook
at a special price.
- Considering how heavy and cumbersome some of these
texts are, you may find the CD-ROM a reasonable
- Just remember that reading text from a computer
screen can be fatiguing at current resolutions.
- Some insights —
- I think that, within limits, it is less important
precisely what books you so long as you read. We
all have our favorites.
- Start to read early in your Residency. Don’t wait
until just before the Boards.
- Don’t neglect standard textbooks in favor of case
study material. Standard texts give the structure
into which individual examples fit. If cases are
the trees, textbooks are the forest.
- Read as many films and do as many procedures as
possible. Document the procedures that you do.
- Teaching files on the Internet can be fun but can also
be an inefficient way to study.
- Take the several week long Radiology-Pathology course
offered by the Armed Forces Institute of Technology.
- Most U.S. Radiology Residents are given the
opportunity of taking this course.
- I think there were some non-U.S. citizens there,
so find out who if you are eligible.
- The amount of material is overwhelming and
(unfortunately) the more you know before you
arrive, the more you will get out of this course.
- Practicing radiologists can take part of this
course as a review although the AFIP also offers
weekend courses for those of us who want to keep
up to date.
- Residents love the “Requisites Series” of books from Mosby.
- Although the quality oscillates wildly from volume to
volume, each “Requisites” is a concise description of a
an area, e.g., Pediatrics.
- The Mosby “Requisite” series now includes a musculoskeletal
volume. I don’t much care for it as there are
too many lists, way to many “pearls,” which to me are
just more lists, and not enough images and diagrams.
- I still recommend Helms’ short text, especially for your
first exposure to Bone.
- Yes, with very few exceptions, I own all of the above books.
- No, these are are not the only books I own in these subjects.
- Yes, I’ve more or less read them all, sometimes more than once!
- No, you can’t borrow them.
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